Abstract

Research Article

A Comparative Study of Serum Sodium and Potassium Levels across the Three Trimesters of Pregnancy

Otoikhila OC and Seriki SA*

Published: 10 August, 2023 | Volume 6 - Issue 3 | Pages: 108-116

Aim: To evaluate the serum sodium and potassium levels in the three trimesters of pregnancy in women. 
Methods: Four groups of healthy women between the ages of 20 and 30 years, volunteered for this study. Group 1: Non-pregnant women (control), Group 2: Pregnant women in their first trimester, Group 3: Pregnant women in their second trimester, Group 4: Pregnant women in their third trimester. Blood samples were collected by standard aseptic method and serum samples were analyzed for serum levels of sodium and potassium by the ion selective electrode method. Results were presented as MEAN ± SEM in tables and figures, p < 0.05 was regarded as statistically significant. 
Results: The serum sodium concentrations in mmol/L were 135.3 ± 3.09, 136.3 ± 1.55, 
139.0 ± 0.78, 139.8 ± 0.91 for control, first-trimester, second-trimester, and third-trimester subjects respectively. The potassium concentrations in mmol/L were 3.678 ± 0.26, 3.687 ± 0.13,
3.820 ± 0.11, 3.767 ± 0.07 for control, first-trimester, second trimester and third-trimester subjects respectively. The Bodyweight values in kg were 72.13 ± 2.11, 74.73 ± 2.05, 75.00 ± 1.72, 
81.56 ± 4.24 for control, first-trimest, second-trimester, and third-trimester subjects respectively. 
Conclusion: Results indicate that the hormones of pregnancy altered the body weight of pregnant women, but did not change the serum sodium and potassium level across the three trimesters of pregnancy in women. This is an indication that the kidneys of healthy pregnant women can handle serum electrolyte load during the period of pregnancy.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.cjog.1001137 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF

Keywords:

Serum potassium; Serum sodium; Pregnancy hormones; Blood pressure; Trimesters

References

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