Abstract

Review Article

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders – What does it mean?

Rajeev Gupta*

Published: 17 March, 2020 | Volume 3 - Issue 1 | Pages: 018-020

Prenatal alcohol exposure is one of the most important causes of preventable cognitive impairment in the world. The developing neurological system is exquisitely sensitive to harm from alcohol and there is now also substantial evidence that alcohol-related harm can extend beyond the individual person, leading to epigenetic changes and intergenerational vulnerability and disadvantage [1].

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.cjog.1001043 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF

References

  1. Oei JL. Alcohol use in pregnancy and its impact on the mother and child. Addiction. 2020. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32149441
  2. Hoyme HE, May PA, Kalberg WO, Kodituwakku P, Gossage JP, et al. A practical clinical approach to diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: clarification of the 1996 institute of medicine criteria. Pediatrics. 2005; 115: 39-47. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15629980
  3. Wilhoit LF, Scott DA, Simecka BA. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Characteristics, Complications, and Treatment. Community Ment Health J. 2017; 53: 711–718. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28168434
  4. Autti-Rämö I. Foetal alcohol syndrome – a multifaceted condition. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2002; 44: 141-144. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11848112
  5. Streissguth AP, Bookstein FL, Barr HM, Press S, Sampson PD. A fetal alcohol behavior scale. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1998; 22: 325-333. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9581636
  6. Autti-Rämö I, Fagerlund A, Ervalahti N, Loimu L, Korkman M, et al. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in Finland: clinical delineation of 77 older children and adolescents. Am J Med Genet A. 2006; 140: 137-143. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16353236
  7. Steinhausen HC, Spohr HL, Long-term outcome of children with fetal alcohol syndrome: psychopathology, behavior, and intelligence. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1998; 22: 334-338. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9581637
  8. Steinhausen HC, Willms J, Metzke C, Spohr H. Behavioural phenotype in foetal alcohol syndrome and foetal alcohol effects. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2003; 45: 179-182. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12613774
  9. Hart H. Case-control study of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and maternal smoking, alcohol use, and drug use during pregnancy. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2002; 41: 378–385. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11931593
  10. Riikonen R, Salonen I, Partanen K, Verho S. Brain perfusion SPECT and MRI in foetal alcohol syndrome. Dev Med Child Neurol. 1999; 41: 652-659. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10587040

Similar Articles

Recently Viewed

Read More

Most Viewed

Read More